Dogs' paws are made up of a metacarpal pad and digital pads. These pads are made up of fat under a thick, rough layer of skin that protects from injuries and abrasions. Some breeds will have a fifth claw next to the carpal pad that is sometimes removed when they are young to prevent snagging and potential injury. Pads protect bones and joints by cushioning them and providing insulation against temperature extremes. They help the dog on rough terrain by protecting tissues inside the paw and are therefore very important for their wellbeing. Here are a few tips for keeping your pet’s paws healthy.