Treatment will vary based on exam and test findings. In most cases where a simple sprain or soft tissue injury is suspected, your veterinarian will recommend plenty of rest for one to two weeks. This means that your dog should not be allowed to jump on and off of furniture, and he should not be allowed to run off of his leash. Instead, he will need to be walked on a leash while in your yard, and you may need to minimize walks through the neighborhood until he is feeling better.
Medications like NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are typically recommended because they help relieve pain and inflammation. Never give any of your own pain medications to your dog unless your veterinarian says that it is safe to do so. Human medications like ibuprofen and naproxen are highly toxic to dogs and should be avoided completely. If your dog is difficult to rest, i.e. he is very high-energy and will not remain still, then your veterinarian may recommend a mild sedative or anti-anxiety medication to take home.
Longer-term problems like chronic injuries or dysplasias greatly benefit from joint supplements containing ingredients like glucosamine and chondroitin, and omega-3 supplements are great because they have a mild anti-inflammatory effect for your dog. There is abundant anecdotal evidence to support the use of CBD oil in these dogs as well. CBD oil can help with inflammation, anxiety, and pain.
Depending on your dog’s illness, he may benefit from cold laser therapy, swim or water therapy, acupuncture, and physical therapy if he is still experiencing pain and discomfort. It is also important that your dog has an ideal body condition and is not overweight. In cases with complicated fractures, chronic pain from ligament tears, hind limb paralysis, and other orthopedic or neurologic issues, your veterinarian may recommend surgery for your dog. Smaller or uncomplicated fractures can sometimes heal with splinting and rest.