Cushing’s Disease is an endocrine disorder affecting the adrenal glands. In humans and dogs, the endocrine system is like a messenger system that involves chemicals being released into the bloodstream, and these chemicals travel to distant target organs to act on them. The adrenal glands are responsible for producing numerous substances that can affect levels of sugar and salt in the body, and they can produce sex hormones like testosterone and estrogen.
With Cushing’s Disease, excess amounts of cortisol are released into the bloodstream by the adrenal glands. This condition is also known as hyperadrenocorticism, and it is one of the most common endocrine issues in dogs. It primarily affects middle-aged to older dogs, and certain dog breeds like Poodles, Dachshunds, Boxers, Boston Terriers, and Yorkshire Terriers have a higher risk for developing Cushing’s Disease1.